Just as its name suggests, Flat feet (pes planus) refers to a condition by which the foot does not possess a normal arch while the individual is at a standing position.
How Does It Occur?
This condition is most prevalent amongst infants and toddlers and occurs due to joint tissues in the foot (tendons) are loose. Often, children will outgrow flat feet conditions as they advance into adulthood. However, in some cases, the standard arch never forms. Other causes of flat feet include aging, injuries, or illnesses, which may harm the tendons and cause flat feet to develop.
While flat feet conditions do not normally pose any serious issues, some children may feel certain degrees of pain in the foot, ankle or lower leg. For adults, flat feet sufferers may experience "achy" feet, especially after extended periods of standing or sports/strenuous activities.
While some orthopaedic surgeons may suggest corrective surgical procedures for remedy, non-invasive treatments like Functional Wellness modalities are available, which can alleviate flat feet conditions by improving foot posture, walking patterns, reduce pain and prevent risks of secondary joint problems. This will include providing professional advice on appropriate strengthening exercises to help stretch tight muscles and reinforce weaker areas, as well as in total lifestyle aspects such as wearing appropriate footwear and/or insoles to enhance foot positions.