Meningitis refers to a potentially fatal condition which particularly denotes an infection of the meninges, a tough layer of tissue surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. If left untreated, this could lead to brain swelling to cause paralysis or permanent disabilities, coma and even death.
How Does It Occur?
Meningitis is generally caused by viruses and exists in two primary forms; Bacterial Meningitis or Viral Meningitis. When bacteria or other hostile organisms penetrate into the body, this invokes a natural response from the immune system to fight the infection. Blood vessels, white blood cells, and other infection-fighting particles enter the meninges and the brain, which causes brain swelling.
Some individuals who possess a higher risk of contracting this condition include adults older than 60 and children younger than five, alcoholics, sickle cell anaemia patients, cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment and medication which suppress the immune system, diabetics, drug abusers, etc.
The most common symptoms of meningitis are fever, headache, and stiff neck. Others include fever and chills, vomiting, photophobia (fear of bright lights), confusion, seizures, upper respiratory infections (i.e. colds, sore throats), weakness or loss of strength or sensation, joint pain and swelling, bruise-like rashes, etc.
While antibiotics are most commonly prescribed, non-drug, non-invasive treatments such as cranial osteopathy, Functional Wellness, or occupational and speech therapy have proven effective towards alleviating symptoms and aiding recovery for Meningitis conditions. As Functional Wellness involves total wellness for patients, treatment may include specialised exercises to improve range of motion in the trunk and neck. Maintaining a calm environment such as using a dark room during treatment will also reduce agitation. On top of these, education is one most vital aspect of Functional Wellness that involves the patient and his/her family, specifically designed to significantly aid the rehabilitation and recovery process.