Osteoporosis is a condition commonly described as the thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time. It is also recognised as the most common type of degenerative bone disease.
How Does It Occur?
Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, and too much old bone is re-absorbed by the body, or a combination of both. Leading causes of osteoporosis are a drop in estrogen for women during menopause and a drop in testosterone for men.
Other causes include being confined to a bed, chronic rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, eating disorders, hyperparathyroidism, Vitamin D deficiency, absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) for extended periods, alcoholism, smoking, hereditary factors, low body weight and too little calcium in the diet.
Common Osteoporosis symptoms include bone pain or tenderness, fractures with the absence of trauma, loss of height, lower back pain, neck pain, and kyphosis ("dowager's hump").
Functional Wellness can help Osteoporosis sufferers improve mobility, muscle strength and bone density through various specialised exercises and techniques. A typical Functional Wellness program will include pain management advice, advice on improving posture, exercises which focus on enhancing strengthening, flexibility, balance and coordination, and fall prevention advice and recommendations.