Parkinson's disease (PD) is a condition generally associated with age and which deteriorates the central nervous system, affecting mobility, balance and muscle control in the process.
How Does It Occur?
The brain cells responsible for controlling movements (motor neurons) rely on a chemical called dopamine produced in the substantia nigra of the brain. For PD sufferers, dopamine-producing cells in the substantia nigra are lost. Exact causes of PD are unknown. However, scientific researchers believe that the condition is a result of a combination of both genetic susceptibility and environmental stresses which causes brain cell death. Certain medication prescribed for hallucinations and depression has also been linked to PD symptoms.
Common symptoms affect PD sufferers include tremor, shaking, or trembling; delayed movements, stiff arms, legs, and trunk; difficulties in balance which may increase fall occurrences. Other symptoms which may affect PD sufferers include abnormal walking, decreased arm swing, excessive salivation, feelings of depression or anxiety, dementia, increase in dandruff or oily skin, lack of facial expression (hypomimia), sleeping problems, constipation, muscle aches and fatigue, etc.
Functional Wellness can alleviate PD symptoms through various techniques and modalities which include a combination of exercises, relaxation techniques, physical treatments such as heat and cooling, and joint and muscle manipulation. Specialised exercises strive to maintain or improve muscle strength to aid in movement, thus helping sufferers accomplish tasks independently. This can significantly improve confidence and self-esteem. In addition, Functional Wellness involves education and professional recommendations for breathing techniques, suitable walking aids, specialised equipment and appliances to help PD sufferers reduce falls, improve posture and balance.