A muscle spasm, or muscle cramp, is medically defined as an involuntary contraction of a muscle. Muscle spasms differ from muscle twitches and usually occur suddenly, resolve quickly, and are often painful.
How Does It Occur?
There are a variety of causes of muscle spasms. Common causes include: when a muscle is overused and tired, overstretched or held in the same position for a prolonged periods. Dehydration and depletion of electrolytes, Atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) may also lead to muscle spasm and cramps. Leg spasms are often related to exercise. Nocturnal leg cramps and restless legs syndrome are classified under sleep disturbances. Systemic illnesses like diabetes, anaemia, kidney disease and thyroid, hormone issues, and nerve conditions such as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury are all potential causes of muscle spasm.
Symptoms may vary according to the muscle involved and circumstances leading up to the spasm. Most will experience a sudden tightness or cramping sensation. Muscle spasms can occur all over the body but are most common in the neck, legs (hamstrings, quadriceps), arms and back.
Chiropractic will most certainly provide a natural remedy for muscle spasms. Joint manipulation is a modality most commonly prescribed to reduce pain and frequencies of occurrences. Soft tissue manipulation is another common technique used and this includes therapeutic stretching and massage therapy. Other therapies may include hot and cold treatments, electrical stimulation and ultrasound, which will all work towards increasing muscle circulation, reduce pain and prevent further injury and injury recurrences. Strength training exercises and stretching moves, as well as nutritional care will also help in the healing process.