Neck & Shoulder Pain
Your neck and shoulder comprises multiple muscles, bones, nerves, arteries, and veins, ligaments and other supporting structures. There are various factors for pain experienced in the neck and shoulder, and these can be classified in different ways; some feel pain only in individual areas (in the neck or shoulder) and others in both areas.
How Does It Occur?
Neck pain occurs when there are abnormalities in the bone or joints, trauma, poor posture, degenerative diseases (i.e. osteoporosis), tumours, and muscle strains, etc. The shoulder is more susceptible to injuries due to its large range of motion. Strains from over-exertion, Tendonitis, dislocation, fractures, frozen shoulders or “pinched nerves” are all common causes of shoulder pain.
Individuals may experience sharp, dull, burning, crampy, shock-like, or stabbing pain. This may result in stiff necks and/or shoulders as well as loss of range of motion. Weakness may also ensue as a result of severe pain from muscle or bone movement. Nerves in the muscles may also be injured. Other common symptoms include numbness (as if nerves are pinched, bruised, cut), burning or tingling sensation, loss/alteration of sensation, coolness, colour changes, swelling, or deformity, etc.
Shoulder and neck pains can be detected through X-rays, MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging), Myelography/CT scan, Electrodiagnostic studies (EMG) or nerve conduction velocity (NCV).
Chiropractic and Functional Wellness exercises have proven effective towards the treatment of soft tissue neck and shoulder pain which can improve range of motion, and/or help improve blood circulation in the target neck and shoulder regions. However, for cases in which nerve roots and/or the spinal cord is damaged, surgery may be required.